Tips for traveling in old age

Tips for traveling in old age

Retirement offers the possibility of doing almost all those things that during the working life have not been possible due to the different obligations that the adult stage entails. Therefore, it is a perfect age to travel and enjoy a well-deserved vacation. The years do not have to be an impediment to pack. However, it is advisable to take into account a series of tips before embarking on your departure: which destinations to choose, how to plan the trip or the activities that can be carried out.

Where to go on vacation?

When choosing the destination, Eugenio Marañón, deputy doctor of the Geriatrics Service of the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, explains that there are no limitations due to age but due to illness. Depending on whether you suffer from any significant pathology, you should opt for destinations that are not far from your habitual residence and with a mild climate and without excessive humidity.

Jesús Santianes, member of the Chronicity Working Group of the Spanish Society of Primary Care Physicians (Semergen), agrees: «Age should not be the only criterion that conditions a possible holiday destination, preference should be given to personal preferences and preferences. consider the person’s health status. » It proposes trips to spas, cultural tourism or cruises as good alternatives.

Preparations and planning for the trip

There are a number of issues that must be assessed before the trip is scheduled to prevent any incident that may occur at the destination.

Medical report

Both experts suggest asking your Primary Care doctor for a medical report that includes the existing pathologies and medication guidelines. «If the trip is to a foreign country, an English translation should be carried out,» Marañón explains.

The medication and the first aid kit

«It is very important that you do not forget to take your medications for the entire period you think you are out and keep the drugs in a cool place, since the heat can alter its composition and effects,» recalls Carlos Verdejo, section head of the Geriatrics Service of the San Carlos Clinical Hospital of Madrid. The geriatrician of the Hospital Gregorio Marañón advises taking the medication in the hand luggage to avoid losses and include a kit with basic material of cures, analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Vaccination

Santianes recommends getting information about the required vaccines and planning it in enough time to complete the necessary vaccination schedule.

Health card and health insurance

To ensure health care anywhere, you should always carry the health card in the case of traveling in Spain, apply for the European health card for care in the European Union and, if traveling outside the European community, inquire about insurance doctors, as indicated by Marañón.

Activity and physical exercise

«In summer months, physical exercise should be lighter, recommending especially walking or swimming. In addition, you have to wear comfortable clothes, light, light colors and if it can be breathable, along with comfortable and light footwear, «suggests the head of section of the Geriatrics Service Hospital Clinico San Carlos. «Aerobic exercise, such as walking, combined with flexibility exercises and joint mobility should be present on a day-to-day basis, avoiding high intensity and the hottest hours of the day,» adds Santianes.

But physical activity is not only important once it has reached the destination, also during the trip: «Get up every two hours and do movements with the legs and flexoextension with the ankle prevents prolonged rest during the trip and venous thrombosis deep in the lower extremities, «says Marañón.

How to cope with the heat and the sun

«The direct effect of UVA rays on the skin can negatively influence it, causing changes in its layers and making it more vulnerable to possible damage from external agents,» says Verdejo. He also insists on the side effects of prolonged exposure to the sun that can cause too much water to be lost and the body to have less circulatory volume, causing a sensation of instability and even loss of consciousness.

Likewise, the member of Semergen, recalls the good use of sunscreen, as well as the use of hats, scarves or similar. The three agree in avoiding to go out in the central hours of greater heat and solar radiation, between 11 in the morning and 7 in the afternoon, trying also to stay in the shadow areas.

It is also important to fight against dehydration by drinking two liters of liquid daily, on a frequent and regular basis, and to avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages and added sugars.

How to face the hour changes

To deal with the possible hourly changes that occur during a stay away from home, Marañón gives a series of indications:

  • Perform a gradual adaptation, without sudden changes.
  • Maintain a minimum of 7 hours of sleep.
  • Avoid a drastic change in eating habits.

 

Why should not a child be left alone in a car

Why should not a child be left alone in a car?

Changing routines and habits such as the end of school or the stress that parents face can cause tragedies. In fact, some parents leave their children alone inside a car to get off on an errand or because they think they will not be away for long. However, with the arrival of summer temperatures begin to rise and the risk of children’s deaths due to heat stroke increases.

Reyes Mazas, member of the Spanish Society of Outpatient Pediatrics and Primary Care (Sepeap) and pediatrician in Santander, states that June, July and August are three of the four months with the highest rate of pediatric accidents in Spain. «In most cases, it’s about children between 1 and 5 years old, tied in the safety seat of the back seat of the car,» he says. Also, the mechanisms responsible for regulating body temperature in children under five years are not as effective as in adults, since children tend to accumulate more heat, their bodies contain more water and have less autonomy to drink.

In addition, the vehicles heat up quickly, within the first 15 to 30 minutes in the sun. In this way, a child inside a car parked in the sun in summer and without ventilation can reach 42-43 degrees of body temperature and die within 30 to 60 minutes. They can also suffer rapid breathing, increased heart rate, fever, very hot skin, intense thirst, headache, irritability, vomiting, decay and decreased level of consciousness, even with seizures. Therefore, «children have a greater risk of developing heat stroke in a short period of time and can cause death,» says the expert.

How to avoid these serious consequences?

This habit may seem totally harmless but it is too dangerous. From Faros, the health portal for families of the Hospital Sant Joan de Déu in Barcelona, they say that children should not be left alone in the car without attention, even if they are playing. Also, before leaving home, you should check the car and lock the doors, keeping the keys out of the reach of children. On the other hand, when children travel in the back of the car or even in a chair that looks back, you can use some notice to remember that they are behind like a teddy bear.

Similarly, «if they have left a child in a car, the authorities should be notified and if the child is calm, they should try to take it out, refresh it and call the emergency number,» they stress.

Therefore, Mazas points out the action plan that should be followed if we find ourselves in this situation:

  • Try to open the car while maintaining the safety of the child.
  • Before moving it to a hospital center it is essential to cool the body, putting the child in the shade or in a cooler area, submerging it in warm water or applying wet cloths or wipes on the head and the rest of the body.
  • Elevate the child’s head and if conscious, offer fluids, preferably with salts in small amounts frequently.

 

 

Baby safety floats

Baby safety floats

Today, however, I want to talk about safety floats, thinking about the little ones. I came to the head, precisely, these days of so much heat with the arrival of summer, while fortunately for us we could enjoy the pool. I was observing a beautiful baby and had exactly the same float that my daughters had and I remembered how happy I was with the result (in my concrete case the square yellow).

Besides, it is not one of those things that I was recommended, it seems that everything that moves away from more conventional childcare you have to go to inform yourself more about yourself, and the fact is that by chance I got it right. Then I found out that some of my friends used the style and it is one of those things that we were talking about each other seeing that the baby felt safe there and the parents too.

Child Safety

Of course, even with this type of floats more stable than other models never lose sight of the baby for a second, or relax looking the other way, we already know that a second of carelessness could become a tragedy, so it’s never more remember it. Floats as safe as possible, obvious, thinking about their safety, and where we see the child more comfortable but always aware and constantly watching.

In addition to different styles, shapes and colors, look at the age or kilos recommended according to each model. There is a very complete one that adapts from 3-6 months to 4 years, and another for older children.

I bought it in the store, but I do not remember exactly where and it looks strange because I think I remember everything I bought my daughters when they were babies. If you do not find it in any store or you are, like me, buying online, I leave here the direct link to this type of safety floats for babies and children.

By the way, do not lose sight, float with hood, I thought it was great thinking of children from 1 to 3 years, as indicated in the description of that particular model, to protect them from the sun. I hope you found it interesting.

Activities and personal relationships, the basis of a good retirement

Activities and personal relationships, the basis of a good retirement

Retirement is the action by which an actively working person, both on their own account and on behalf of another, becomes inactive at work, that is, they stop working due to a series of reasons, such as age or the presence of physical problems.

This stage is an important moment of life, although it is a phase that sometimes brings the retirement syndrome, that is, the appearance of many fears, it is possible that it is a golden age in which new skills are already learned. Enjoy each day in a different way. But, as a rule, it is a period of abrupt change that affects many spheres: economic, leisure, personal relationships, etc.

«It requires a time of adaptation, which can range from six months to a year,» explains Carlos Martín, a family doctor from Barcelona and coordinator of the Week of Self-care organized by the Spanish Society of Family and Community Medicine (Semfyc), who says that «it is a time of risks, but also of opportunities».

The expert points out that the way in which someone will face retirement depends on many individual factors but, in general, it can be stated that «men carry it worse than women, since women tend to have more personal relationships and a tendency to talk about anything. It is also worse for people who have not known how to maintain a network of social relationships, which is why it is now very limited, «says Martín.

There is also the issue that retired people have to face and that many do not think about before, and it is the change that their life as a couple will experience. «They must learn to live together again, that is, to spend much more time together, and this for some is a great challenge», acknowledges the coordinator.

What can be done?

There are some tricks to cope better with this stage that, in some cases, can become the best in life. Martín recommends that «the first thing to do is get informed, especially from the economic point of view, and mentalize for when the time comes.» You have to prepare your retirement early and think about what activities you would like to do, «he says.

There are different occupations for when one stops working: to dedicate oneself to participation or volunteer projects, to continue forming, either at the university level or of more concrete courses and workshops, to collaborate in social projects, cultural activities, writing, to promote the hobbies that have or discover new ones, travel, take care of relatives … «There are multiple possibilities, but the important thing is not to do many things, but to have meaning for those who do them. During the working life we have obligations and do things we do not like, so in this new stage we have to choose something that truly satisfies us, «says the family doctor.

It is also very important to have a social network, friends. Those who during their active life already participated in associations of neighbors, cultural entities or other groups, adapt more easily to their new status as retirees because their network of relationships is wider. «But there are other people who discover these ways of participating when they retire and develop new intergenerational relationships with them that provide them with great satisfaction,» explains Martín. In addition, the old relationships of the past can also resurface.

Retirement is also an excellent time to take care of yourself, do sport or activity for which you never had time and a healthy and rich diet that allows you to savor the best products of the earth. «Eat more cereals, vegetables and fruit, as well as replace red meat with white meat. In addition, taking care of personal hygiene, a good external image, will also help to feel good, «says Martín.

This stage also affects family and couple relationships. «Being retired does not vaccinate against separation,» says the expert. That is why it is also important to maintain a good family relationship, both before retirement and afterwards. In addition, family members are the closest people to whom you will be able to go if you have a more serious condition such as memory loss. Therefore, the greater availability of time for the retiree often affects the relationship with the rest of the family, sometimes because they claim their help, and sometimes because the retiree turns over.