Tips for traveling in old age

Tips for traveling in old age

Retirement offers the possibility of doing almost all those things that during the working life have not been possible due to the different obligations that the adult stage entails. Therefore, it is a perfect age to travel and enjoy a well-deserved vacation. The years do not have to be an impediment to pack. However, it is advisable to take into account a series of tips before embarking on your departure: which destinations to choose, how to plan the trip or the activities that can be carried out.

Where to go on vacation?

When choosing the destination, Eugenio Marañón, deputy doctor of the Geriatrics Service of the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, explains that there are no limitations due to age but due to illness. Depending on whether you suffer from any significant pathology, you should opt for destinations that are not far from your habitual residence and with a mild climate and without excessive humidity.

Jesús Santianes, member of the Chronicity Working Group of the Spanish Society of Primary Care Physicians (Semergen), agrees: «Age should not be the only criterion that conditions a possible holiday destination, preference should be given to personal preferences and preferences. consider the person’s health status. » It proposes trips to spas, cultural tourism or cruises as good alternatives.

Preparations and planning for the trip

There are a number of issues that must be assessed before the trip is scheduled to prevent any incident that may occur at the destination.

Medical report

Both experts suggest asking your Primary Care doctor for a medical report that includes the existing pathologies and medication guidelines. «If the trip is to a foreign country, an English translation should be carried out,» Marañón explains.

The medication and the first aid kit

«It is very important that you do not forget to take your medications for the entire period you think you are out and keep the drugs in a cool place, since the heat can alter its composition and effects,» recalls Carlos Verdejo, section head of the Geriatrics Service of the San Carlos Clinical Hospital of Madrid. The geriatrician of the Hospital Gregorio Marañón advises taking the medication in the hand luggage to avoid losses and include a kit with basic material of cures, analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Vaccination

Santianes recommends getting information about the required vaccines and planning it in enough time to complete the necessary vaccination schedule.

Health card and health insurance

To ensure health care anywhere, you should always carry the health card in the case of traveling in Spain, apply for the European health card for care in the European Union and, if traveling outside the European community, inquire about insurance doctors, as indicated by Marañón.

Activity and physical exercise

«In summer months, physical exercise should be lighter, recommending especially walking or swimming. In addition, you have to wear comfortable clothes, light, light colors and if it can be breathable, along with comfortable and light footwear, «suggests the head of section of the Geriatrics Service Hospital Clinico San Carlos. «Aerobic exercise, such as walking, combined with flexibility exercises and joint mobility should be present on a day-to-day basis, avoiding high intensity and the hottest hours of the day,» adds Santianes.

But physical activity is not only important once it has reached the destination, also during the trip: «Get up every two hours and do movements with the legs and flexoextension with the ankle prevents prolonged rest during the trip and venous thrombosis deep in the lower extremities, «says Marañón.

How to cope with the heat and the sun

«The direct effect of UVA rays on the skin can negatively influence it, causing changes in its layers and making it more vulnerable to possible damage from external agents,» says Verdejo. He also insists on the side effects of prolonged exposure to the sun that can cause too much water to be lost and the body to have less circulatory volume, causing a sensation of instability and even loss of consciousness.

Likewise, the member of Semergen, recalls the good use of sunscreen, as well as the use of hats, scarves or similar. The three agree in avoiding to go out in the central hours of greater heat and solar radiation, between 11 in the morning and 7 in the afternoon, trying also to stay in the shadow areas.

It is also important to fight against dehydration by drinking two liters of liquid daily, on a frequent and regular basis, and to avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages and added sugars.

How to face the hour changes

To deal with the possible hourly changes that occur during a stay away from home, Marañón gives a series of indications:

  • Perform a gradual adaptation, without sudden changes.
  • Maintain a minimum of 7 hours of sleep.
  • Avoid a drastic change in eating habits.

 

How do you protect a baby’s skin from the sun

How do you protect a baby’s skin from the sun?

With the arrival of summer the holidays begin for many parents, who will choose beach and sun to escape from the routine with their children. However, the sun is not the best ally for the little ones in the house. In fact, the sun received during childhood and adolescence without adequate protection is associated with an increased risk of developing skin cancer.

Marián García, author of the blog Boticaria García, and the book El radioactive mucus and other sleeplessness of first-time parents, where responds to the most common questions of parents of young children, points out some guidelines to spend a day at the beach with family safe.

Up to what age should children not be exposed to the sun?

Children under three years old should not be exposed to the sun directly. The ideal time to take them to the beach or pool is before eleven or twelve in the morning, or in the afternoon, after five or six, when the sun is not so strong.

However, in the guide for first-time mothers and fathers conducted by the Official Associations of Pharmacists of Aragon, point out that, that you can not put a baby in the sun does not mean you can not give them the sun for a moment. Baby walks are very important, so you should take the child to the street every day since hospital discharge. In addition, the sun is suitable for the production of vitamin D and a child only needs 5 to 20 minutes to produce that vitamin.

Photoprotectors

The specialists recommend not to apply photoresists to children under six months. From the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV), they advise that in under three years only physical filters are used (those that act as a screen reflecting light, can not be absorbed by the skin and tend to have thick textures). Minimize the risk of allergies. You should also avoid the presence of perfumes or alcohol in its composition.

On the other hand, chemical photoprotectors take half an hour to take effect after application. Therefore, the child should be creamed at least thirty minutes before sun exposure. In addition, you have to repeat the application every two hours and always after each bath. Likewise, García explains that on cloudy days it is essential to use a protector, since between 30 and 50 percent of the ultraviolet radiation is able to cross the clouds.

What clothes do I put on my son?

Experts advise to dress the child with pure cotton clothing and never forget the hat or cap, since clothing is your best protective shield. On the other hand, to prevent the baby from sweating, recommend not cover too much and keep it cool.

Regarding the care of the eyes, the lens of babies is more transparent and allows more UV rays to pass than adults. Therefore, it is important that children wear glasses of a flexible material to avoid possible damage to the eye in case of breakage due to a fall.

Babies have a higher risk of dehydration

The expert emphasizes that babies are more at risk of dehydration than adults, as young children can not talk and can not complain about being thirsty, they have a lot of pee and have a higher body surface rate, that is, they perspire more and are more sensitive heat.

Also, babies under six months of age who are breastfed do not need to drink water. Once the baby takes complementary food, breast milk should remain its main source of hydration. However, you can drink a glass of water from time to time.