How do you protect a baby’s skin from the sun?
With the arrival of summer the holidays begin for many parents, who will choose beach and sun to escape from the routine with their children. However, the sun is not the best ally for the little ones in the house. In fact, the sun received during childhood and adolescence without adequate protection is associated with an increased risk of developing skin cancer.
Marián García, author of the blog Boticaria García, and the book El radioactive mucus and other sleeplessness of first-time parents, where responds to the most common questions of parents of young children, points out some guidelines to spend a day at the beach with family safe.
Up to what age should children not be exposed to the sun?
Children under three years old should not be exposed to the sun directly. The ideal time to take them to the beach or pool is before eleven or twelve in the morning, or in the afternoon, after five or six, when the sun is not so strong.
However, in the guide for first-time mothers and fathers conducted by the Official Associations of Pharmacists of Aragon, point out that, that you can not put a baby in the sun does not mean you can not give them the sun for a moment. Baby walks are very important, so you should take the child to the street every day since hospital discharge. In addition, the sun is suitable for the production of vitamin D and a child only needs 5 to 20 minutes to produce that vitamin.
The specialists recommend not to apply photoresists to children under six months. From the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV), they advise that in under three years only physical filters are used (those that act as a screen reflecting light, can not be absorbed by the skin and tend to have thick textures). Minimize the risk of allergies. You should also avoid the presence of perfumes or alcohol in its composition.
On the other hand, chemical photoprotectors take half an hour to take effect after application. Therefore, the child should be creamed at least thirty minutes before sun exposure. In addition, you have to repeat the application every two hours and always after each bath. Likewise, García explains that on cloudy days it is essential to use a protector, since between 30 and 50 percent of the ultraviolet radiation is able to cross the clouds.
What clothes do I put on my son?
Experts advise to dress the child with pure cotton clothing and never forget the hat or cap, since clothing is your best protective shield. On the other hand, to prevent the baby from sweating, recommend not cover too much and keep it cool.
Regarding the care of the eyes, the lens of babies is more transparent and allows more UV rays to pass than adults. Therefore, it is important that children wear glasses of a flexible material to avoid possible damage to the eye in case of breakage due to a fall.
Babies have a higher risk of dehydration
The expert emphasizes that babies are more at risk of dehydration than adults, as young children can not talk and can not complain about being thirsty, they have a lot of pee and have a higher body surface rate, that is, they perspire more and are more sensitive heat.
Also, babies under six months of age who are breastfed do not need to drink water. Once the baby takes complementary food, breast milk should remain its main source of hydration. However, you can drink a glass of water from time to time.